Colonial Rule in South
Revolution created a demand for__________________ _________ that,
during the age of imperialism, were often sourced from Africa and Asia
which also serves as a _________________ for the sale of finished
industrial revolution created a demand for natural
during the age of imperialism were often sourced from Africa and Asia
which also served as a market for
the sale of finished products.
began as early as late 16th century, the ‘new imperialism’ began
century when a new phase of western expansion began
Look at the map of
Southeast Asia in 1900. The British controlled where and extracted
what raw materials? The US controlled, where and all materials
extracted what raw materials? The Germans controlled where and
extracted what raw materials?
British controlled the west side of India, the top of Australia, some
on new guinea, and some on Singapore. they had 2 tea icons, one
lumber icon, 2 tin icons, 2 rubber icons, and 1 palm oil icon.
US controlled the Philippines, they had 1 coffee icon, 1 lumber icon,
and 1 sugar icon.
controlled Sumatra, the bottom part of Borneo, and the left side of
new guinea. they have 3 spice icons, 8 rubber icons, 2 tin icons, 2
sugar icons, 2 coffee icons, 2 tea icons, and 2 palm oil icons.
controlled top right side of new guinea. they seem to have 0 icons on
4. Raw materials and
markets were motives for imperialism but three other motives included:
include, a white man burden (becoming the Superior race sounds really
cool if you are these rulers right now), some religious reasons and
humanitarian (concerned with or seeking to promote human welfare)
What is a
“protectorate”? Briefly, describe how this is a form of
is a state that is controlled and protected by another, the country is being controlled
the that ruler or army. it is a slow start to having that country
control you over and steal every thing you have. they will also
do things there way leaving there culture behind. which
is a form of imperialism
on page 452, Glencoe
examines the French and English expansion into Southeast Asia. In
addition to the causes of imperialism stated in question six, what was
another cause of imperialism?
a political imperialism is
like when a country put there own king or ruler in place and gets rid
of the old one
What two key components
of imperialism did the US display in its relationship with the
New markets for America and to find new raw materials to aide in the
What is indirect rule?
What were its benefits? Indirect rule is a system
of government were local leaders were allowed to keep authority and
status. This made access to the region's natural resources easier.
Indirect rule was cheaper because fewer officials had to be trained
and it affected local culture less.
What is direct rule?
What often caused direct rule? When a Country takes over
another country and replaces its leaders with one of its own.
Colonial economy was
based on the principle of on unequal exchange. What does this mean? Colonial
economy did not want local columnists to develop their own industries.
It stressed the export of raw materials, which often led to some form
of plantation agricultural. Peasants worked as wage laborers on the
foreign owned plantations. Plantation owners kept wages low, so
profits could be harder. Working conditions at the plantations were
often unhealthy and thousands died; peasants also bore the burden of
How did Westernization
actually undermine colonial rule? What was this resistance called? They
undermine colonial rule through resistance in the resistance was
called Westernized Intellects.
towards colonial rule did not advocate independence. What were people
attempting to do? They
were attempting to protect economic interests or religious beliefs
over native peoples.
in Africa (from second column on page 461 – 463)
13) Outline from
second column on page 461 through page 463.
Most of Africa was
under European control by 1900. The countries of Great Britain,
France, Germany, Belgium,
Italy, Spain and Portugal all had rivalries among themselves and
placed virtually all of Africa under their control
The Europeans had an interest in West Africa due to the peanuts, timber,
animal hides and palm oil.
By the late 1880’s
the trade of enslaved people declined and European interests in all
their forms of trade increased
In 1874 Great Britain
annexed the west coastal states as the first British colony of the
Gold Coast. Annexed means, Incorporated, a country with a state. In
addition, the British established themselves as the protectorate of
By 1900, the French
have added a huge area of French West Africa to its colonial empire in
left them in control of the largest part of west Africa. Germany
controlled Togo, Cameroon, Southwest Africa and East Africa
Egypt have been apart
of the Ottoman Empire, but as the Ottoman Empire declined the
Egyptians sought independence. Ottoman Army Officer Muhammad. Ali
seized power and established a separate Egyptian state.
reforms over the next 30 years to bring Egypt into the modern world.
He set up a public school system then created small industries to
refine sugar, produce textiles and munitions, and build ships
The development of
steamships caused the need for a canal in the area
In 1854, French
entrepreneur Ferdinand de Lesseps, signed a contract to build the Suez
Canal. The canal was completed in 1869. The British took interest in
Egypt after the canal opened, it was claimed to be the ‘lifeline to
India.’ The British attempted to gain as much control as they could
over the Suez Canal area.
In 1875, the British
purchased Egypt's share of the Suez Canal. The Egyptian army revolted
against foreign influence in 1881, but the British suppressed the
revolt and Egypt became a British protectorate in 1914.
South Africa – Affects of Imperialism
I – By 1914, Great
Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Spain and Portugal have
divided up Africa. Liberia had been created for formally enslaved
persons as a homeland; these people were from the United States and
Ethiopia, which were remained free states.
II – The European
Governments use colonial rule in their territories in Africa, as it
provided the least amount of effort and expense possible. The British
followed this approach by having local governments fly the British
flag over official buildings.
III – Indirect Rule
was used in the Islamic state of Sokoto, in northern Nigeria beginning
in 1903. It did not disrupt local customs or institutions.
IV – The Indirect
Rule in this area was essentially a fraud because the British made all
the major decisions in the native authorities served to enforce those
decisions. It also allowed the old African elite to remain in power,
not allowing opportunities for ambitious, young and talented
applicants to get ahead
V – The British
Indirect Rule allowed for tension between the African tribes and the
classes; until the 20th century, when independence came
VI – Other European
Nations used a form of direct rule over their African possessions, an
example would be a French official being titled ‘Governor-General’
from an appointment from Paris. They would rule from the capital city
of the colony.
VII – New leaders
emerged in Africa by the beginning of the 20th century; as their
people were educated and colonial schools. These people admired
Western culture and disliked many of their countries own ways, they
were eager to introduce Western ideas and interests to their
VIII – There were a
group of these new leaders that did not like foreigners and their
contempt for native Africans. Westerners exultant democracy, equity
and political freedom, but did not apply these values to their
colonies. Native Africans could only have low-paying jobs and
businesses owned by Westerners. They lost their former lands,
employment, plantations and factories to foreigners
IX – Even middle-class Africans only
qualified for menial jobs in the government or Western owned
businesses. There salaries were also less than persons of European
descent doing the same job.
X – Europeans formed
private clubs, schools and churches, as the families and children
begin to move into the area. Europeans also addressed Africans by
their first names or just called adult males ‘Boy.’ Such treatment
led to the educated Africans to feel confused and wanted independence
from foreign rule. They admitted to being lacking in many aspects of
Western culture, but wanted to control their own nationality and
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