Scientific breakthroughs- universe and the human body
The Ptolemaic System
An astronomer, system is geocentric -Earth at the center
of the universe.
Universe a series of spheres
Earth was motionless.
Humans At the center and God on the outside.
Nicholas Copernicus and Kepler
Copernicus universe heliocentric or centered around the
sun is the center of the universe with the planets revolving around
Johanne Kepler used astronomical data to confirm the Sun
was the center of the universe
He proved planets orbit around the sun in an egg shaped
With a telescope he proved mountains on moon,
moons around Jupiter and sunspots.
Proved stars are not orbs of light but solid material
Galileo trouble with Catholic Church because humans not
at the center of the universe and God was no longer in a specific
Tied together the ideas of first 3 guys.
Wrote the Principia defined three laws of motion.
Universal law of gravitation proved every object is
attracted by force called gravity and explained all the motion in the
Philosophy and Reason, reason is the chief source of
Descartes and rationalism
René Descartes wrote about doubt and uncertainty
His philosophy was: one fact seemed beyond doubt his own
existence his book called Discourse on Method.
He wrote “I think therefore I am” and that mind and
matter were completely separate. Matter wasn’t alive and could be
investigated by reason.
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