Late 1800's 
Government in Germany, 
Austro-Hungry and Russia

Paper Ideas





Central and Eastern Europe the Old Order Central and Eastern Europe had a more conservative government then Western Europe. Germany the Austria Hungarian empire in Russia were less industrialized and education was not widely available it is easier for old ruling groups to continue to dominate


I Germany

A constitution auto Van Bismarck 1871 set up to house legislature. The lower house collected by all men who could vote


B Ministers of the government not responsible to Parliament but to the upper who controlled Armed Forces foreign-policy and bureaucracy.


C Prime Minister worked to keep Germany from becoming a democracy


D William II emperor from 1888 to 1918 Germany became strongest military and industrial power in Europe.


E Expansion of industry and cities came demands for democracy.


F Conservative forces try to deny the movement for democracy by supporting a strong foreign-policy.


G They believed expansion abroad would increase your profits and make people not want democratic reforms.



II Austro Hungarian empire


A monarchy of Austria-Hungary in 1867 Austria had a constitution with parliamentary system but in reality the Emperor Francis Joseph ignored the system.


B Francis Joseph appointed and dismissed ministers and laws when the parliament was not in session


C ethnic groups fought the German minority governed Austria but was threatened by this checks the polls and other Slavic groups within the empire


D unlike Austria-Hungary had a Parliament that worked it was controlled by land owners who dominated the peasants and the ethnic groups


III Russia


A Nicholas the second began his rule in 1894 wanting absolute power of the czars


B 1900 Russia became the fourth largest producer of steel. Industrialization brought factories a working class and pitiful working and living conditions.


C Socialist parties developed including the Marxist social Democratic Party but government repression force them underground


D People weren't happy and opposed the regime.


E January 22, 1905 workers went to the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg to present their grievances


F Troops opened fire on the peaceful demonstration killing hundreds called bloody Sunday


G After bloody Sunday workers throughout Russia called for strikes


H Nicholas the second was forced to grant civil liberties and create a legislative assembly called the Duma by 1907 Nicholas the second had taken most of the power away from the Duma and he again ruled Russia



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