What is Fascism? 

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What is Fascism?  Bonito Mussolini's fascist doctrines


1   What value does Mussolini think war has? Why is he against international peace organizations?

Mussolini believes that war makes heroes and is noble and allows people to make great decisions like those between life and death. He's against international peace organizations because their values scattered to the wind when people with true ideology get together and think of something else..


2    In what ways is Fascism the opposite of Marxism? What does it value? What does

Mussolini think is an absurd delusion? They are opposites because fascists believe that the rule of the people is to serve the state and Marxists believe that the state exists to serve the people. Fascism values the collective, combat, heroics and the state. The absurd delusion is that changes in the economic methods and inventions of science have their importance no one can deny that the factors are sufficient to explain the history of humanity excluding all others is absurd delusion.


3   Why does Mussolini oppose Democratic ideology? How does he view political equality and majority rule? 


Democratic ideology is where the majority rules and he believes that the majority should do but the state wants them to do he believes it is their duty. There is no political equality according to Mussolini because he believes it is fruitful to be an equal and is beneficial to the state to be unequal.


4   Why is Fascism the ideology of the 20th century? 

He believes the 19th century was a century of socialism and democracy and now we need authority and a century of Fascism and a century of collectivism a century of the state.


5   What is the relationship between the individual and the state according to Mussolini?  Fascism conceives of the state as an absolute in comparison with which all individuals or groups are relative only in relation to the state.


6    What defines Fascism what are its core ideas bullet points

people exist to serve the state

give up individual freedoms for unity and power

the national community is more important than individual selfishness

Marxism divides the nation into warring classes

a deeply felt sense of duty


coordination of forces

severe measures taken against those who would oppose the movement

the nation needs authority direction and order




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