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The Harlem Renaissance was an intellectual, social, artistic explosion centered in Harlem New York throughout the 1920s. the movement spanned from 1918 until the mid-1930s. The Harlem Renaissance is considered to have been the rebirth of the African-American arts. Until the end of the Civil War the majority of African Americans have been enslaved and lived in the South. During the Reconstruction era African-Americans began to strive for civic participation and political equality. Most of the African American literary works that arose during this time had the memories of the gains and losses of reconstruction after the Civil War. The Harlem Renaissance encompassed music, literature, and fashion. The Harlem Renaissance was all about racial pride and challenging pervasive racism and stereotypes to promote progressive racial and social integration. The creation of art and literature would "uplift" the race.