The greatest real estate deal in US history is a Louisiana purchase! In 1803 the United States purchased 828,000 square miles from France for $15 million, or $18 per square mile. France has controlled the Louisiana territory from 1699 until 1762. The Louisiana purchase extended the United States sovereignty across the Mississippi River, nearly doubling the size of the country. Although it is called the Louisiana purchase it actually includes land from 15 present US states and two Canadian provinces.

 Manifest Destiny means the belief that the expansion of the United States throughout the American continent was justified and inevitable. It is a widely held American cultural belief that the American settlers were destined to expand across North America. The phrase Manifest Destiny was coined in 1845, it means that the US is designed by God, it advocates believed, to expand their domain and spread democracy and capitalism across the North American continent. The idea that led to the growth of the Western United States. The idea arose in response to the prospect of US annexation of Texas. With its triumph in the Mexican-American war the US believed it had a  manifest destiny by gaining an immense domain of 525,000 miles including present-day Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas and Utah. Many settlers believed that God himself blessed the growth of the American nation. The native Americans were considered uncultured and heathens. Others had economic motives for their journey across the West. The heart of manifest destiny was the belief in American cultural and racial superiority. Native Americans had long been perceived as inferior and efforts to "civilize" them have been widespread in the early days of America.

Westward expansion began with the Louisiana purchase, the gold rush, the Oregon Trail and a belief in manifest destiny. Pioneers and immigrants built the Overland trails to the American Old West throughout the 19th century beginning  around 1829 until 1870 as an alternative to railroad transportation. Immigrants colonized much of North America west of the Great Plains in mass migrations in the mid-19th century. There are many motives for this treacherous journey including religious persecution, inexpensive land and the gold rush. The history of these trails and colonizers who traveled them have become embedded in American culture and folklore. The Oregon Trail, the California Trail, Old Spanish Trail, Santa Fe Trail, Southern Emigrant Trail and the Mormon Trail still have signs along the highways that today's modern travelers can follow. The most common vehicle for Oregon and California colonizers were covered wagons pulled by oxes or mules.10% of the migrants who attempted to cross the United States died during the trip.

Fun games and activities about The Louisiana Purchase:

The Louisiana Purchase Story (mrdonn)

The Louisiana Purchase treaty (pbs)

The Louisiana Purchase

The Louisiana Purchase Quiz

The Louisiana Purchase Timeline

Louisiana Purchase Quiz

Manifest Destiny

Manifest Destiny 1810-1853

Expansion and Manifest Destiny

Manifest Destiny vocabulary

Manifest Destiny Jeopardy

Manifest Destiny Interactive

Manifest Destiny Rags to Riches

The Issue of Slavery and Manifest Destiny (quia)

Learn about Manifest Destiny (mrdonn)

Western Expansion (mrdonn)

The Oregon Trail (mrdonn)

Oregon Trail Interactive Map

Hardship without Glory - Life on the Trail

Oregon Trail - Questions and Answers

All about the trail - hardships, Native Americans, and more, for kids

Cowboy and Pioneer Games for Children

Western Themed Party Ideas and classroom activities for kids

Pioneer cowboy games

Western party game ideas for groups of kids

Daily Life in the Colonies

Western Expansion games that Pioneer childrens played

Western Expansion: Pioneer Era Games That Laura Ingalls Would Have Played

Western Expansion Early American Pioneer Children's Games

Western Expansion Historically Accurate American Pioneer Children's Games

Interactive History - Colonial House

Wonderful website: 13 colonies government

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut 1639

Virginia House of Burgesses

Vocabulary Matching

Western Expansion

Free iPad apps about the Oregon Trail