Franklin D Roosevelt's new deal was in response to the need for relief, reform and recovery from the great depression. It was a series of programs, public work projects and financial reforms meant to bring the country out of the horrible financial crisis that they were in. These programs lasted from 1933 to 1939. The new deal restored faith in the American economic system while at the same time reviving a sense of hope in the American people. Economically it was less successful.

The Great Depression was the worst economic collapse in history of America. It began in 1929 and did not end until the end of the 1930s. The Great Depression of 1929 devastated the US economy. A third of all banks failed. Unemployment rose to 25% and housing prices fell 67%. The Great Depression was not just felt in the US, it happened throughout the world. It was the longest and most severe depression ever experienced by the industrialized western world. Although it originated in the United States it caused drastic declines in output, unemployment and acute deflation in almost every country of the world. The economic impacts of the Great Depression were enormous. There was incredible human suffering.

The Grapes of Wrath : essay on the social conditions of the Great Depression

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