The Plantation System & Slavery
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The practice of people owning other people is called slavery. Slavery officially ended in the United States on December 18, 1865 after 27 of the 36 states ratified the 13th amendment of the Constitution. The 13th amendment states "neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist within the United States". Today nearly all societies consider slavery to be wrong. Most consider personal freedom to be a basic human right. The first slaves came to North America from Africa arriving in the English colony of Virginia in 1619. All British colonies permitted slavery, but the largest farms that used the most slaves were in the South.Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863 when the United States was in its third year of the bloody civil war. The proclamation declared "all persons held as slaves are, and henceforward shall be free". Unfortunately slavery continued for a few more years until the war ended.
The Civil War lasted from 1861- 1865 and was often called the "War Between the States". The war was fought because 11 southern states wanted to leave the United States of America forming the Confederate states of America also called the "Confederacy". The loyalists of the United States government were called the "Union". The main cause of the Civil War in America was slavery. Slavery was very common in the southern states, including all 11 that joined the Confederates, and it was illegal in most of the northern states. After Abraham Lincoln, who disliked slavery, was elected president of the United States the Confederate states tried to leave the Union. The war began on April 12, 1861 when Confederate soldiers attacked Fort Sumter. Many soldiers on both sides died during the war. The union eventually won the war in 1865.The majority of the war was fought in the South and many railroads, farms and houses were destroyed during the war. Most people in the south became very poor after the war. After the war ended the president pardoned all of the Confederate soldiers in the southern states and allowed them to rejoin the United States again. 620,000 people died in the American Civil War.