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An analogy is a comparison between two things. Sometimes these two things may be very similar but other times you have to really put on your thinking cap to find ways that writers believe they are similar. They are many types of analogies including metaphors, similes, allegory and parables. Analogies help readers and listeners explore relationships between unlike things expanding the readers understanding of the material. An analogy explains one idea in terms of another idea to highlight the ways that they are like. We commonly use analogies in our everyday conversations.
Examples of analogies include:
Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get.
A doctor diagnoses diseases like a detective investigates crime.
You are as annoying as nails on a chalkboard.