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Apostrophes show possession and indicate the letters have been removed to form a contractions. Apostrophe Rules for possessives- use an apostrophe plus an (s) to show that one person or thing is owned or is a member of something. For example Amy's shoes, Rachel's horse, Timothy's toy, and Max's bowl. A contraction is a shortened form of a word or a group of words that omits certain letters or sounds. In a contraction' represents the missing letters. The most common contractions are made up of verbs or auxiliaries attached to other words. the most popular contractions are He'd or he would, I've or I have, They're or there are, can't or cannot. When you combine two words to make a contraction you always take out some letters and in their place use an apostrophe. For example: are + not = aren't , they + will = they'll
Even if the word ends in the letter s, it is still correct to add another S to create the possessive form. You use an apostrophe after the S at the end of a plural noun to show possession. For example: the parents' shoes, the Bernstein's' lives.
All possessives need an apostrophe and an s at the end. If the word already has an s it only needs an apostrophe. If the word does not already have an S it still needs an apostrophe followed by an S. As for contractions if you take something out you will need to add an apostrophe because it represents the missing letters.
Apostrophe and Grammar Games: