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Figurative language is when you use a word or phrase that does not have its normal everyday literal meaning. Often the writers use figurative language to make their work more interesting. Examples of figurative language include metaphors, similes, personification and hyperbole.
Hyperbole-a big exaggeration usually meant with humor ( thousand yard ice cream sundae )
Metaphor-comparing two things by using one kind of object in place of another ( the dog's hair was like silk)
Personification-giving something a human quality ( the stuffed animal smiled as Gretchen held it)
Simile-a figure of speech comparing two unlike things often introduced by like or as ( the moon is like cheese)