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Telescopes work by using two lenses to focus the light and make it look white and object is closer to you than it really is. Refracting telescopes use lenses to focus the light. Reflecting telescope use lenses to focus the light. Both lenses are in a shape that is called a convex. Telescopes are generally used to look into space and see stars.
Stars are huge balls of hydrogen and helium that are formed in galaxies from great big clouds of gas and dust over billions and billions of years. All Stars are suns, just like our sun. Stars are just like people, they have a lifecycle and eventually will die out. Stars begin as cloud clusters of dust and gas. As more dust and gas stick together gravity pulls them together and hold them like glue. Stars twinkle in the in the night sky because of the Earth's atmosphere. The core of the star is extremely hot and produces energy. Some of this energy is released as visible light which makes the star glow.
Planets in our solar system circle around the sun. There are eight planets in our solar system. Smaller planets with solid ground include Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. There are four larger gas giants including Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. We are learning new things about our neighboring planets all the time. We send astronauts to space to take pictures, gather information and find out more about them. Their are eight planets inside of our own solar system and thousands of planets outside of our solar system.
Telescopes and Space Games